Vecon Lab Input Choices, Sunk and Opportunity Costs: Introduction

Each participant plays the role of a firm that must make decisions about inputs to be used in production. One input, selected in advance, generates a sunk cost, and a second input determines variable costs. In addition, a regulation requires a permit for each unit of output produced (e.g. an emissions allowance). These permits may be distributed as an endowment that can be used, bought, or sold. Using this input incurs an opportunity cost, even if the input is not purchased. Output market options include sale at a fixed price or price competition in an environment that satisfies incentive compatibiliby conditions for accurate cost revelation (proxy bidding with an exogenous "market price").

Key Concepts:
Supply (Long Run)
Opportunity Cost
Sunk Cost
Avoidable Fixed Cost
Average Total Cost
Copyright 2009, Charles Holt, Please report problems and suggestions: veconlab@gmail.com

Vecon Lab - July 17, 2019